Ph.D., 1951; M.A. 1947, Comparative Literature, Harvard University
B.A. magna cum laude, 1941, University of Minnesota
University of York, England: Honorary Fellow, English and Related Literatures, 1991-2010
Rutgers University, Comparative Literature: Professor Emeritus, 1987-2010; Distinguished Professor, 1973-87; Chair and Professor, 1962-72
Bennington College, Vermont: Visiting Lecturer, 1956-57
Berlin, Free University, Germany: Ordinarius (full professor) and Director, Amerika-Institut, 1954-59
University of Maryland Overseas Program, Prestwick, Scotland: Lecturer, 1953-54
Berlin, Free University and Technische Hochschule: Lecturer in English and European Literature, 1952-53
Salzburg Seminar in American Studies, Austria: Dean and Lecturer, 1951-52
Harvard University: Senior Tutor, Adams House, 1948-51; Teaching Fellow, Instructor, 1947-51
VISITING ACADEMIC POSITIONS AND LECTURESHIPS
Macalester College, National University of Mexico, University of Indiana, Princeton University, University of Leeds, Hajioji University (Tokyo)
PRIZES AND AWARDS
Rutgers University Award for Excellence in Teaching, 1985
Arts and Letters Award, American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1988
Senior Fellowship, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1983-84
Bruern Fellow, University of Leeds, 1975-76
Longview Fellowship Award for Non-Fiction, 1960
Guggenheim Fellowships, 1964-65 and 1979-80
Bell Traveling Fellow, Harvard University, 1950
DeWitt Payne Prize for Literary Scholarship, University of Minnesota, 1941
George Santayana's Marginalia. MIT Press, in press.
George Santayana: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1987
Fiction as Knowledge. New Brunswick, 1975, 1999.
The Middle Distance: A Comparative History of American and European Literature, 1919-1932. New York, London, 1971. Republished by Transaction Publishers, 1999.
The Complete Aficionado. Cleveland and New York: World, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1967. Republished by Transaction Publishers as Bullfighting: Art, Technique, and Spanish Society, 1998.
Editor and Contributor, Syllabus of Comparative Literature. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1963. 2nd ed. 1972.
With Mairi MacInnes, Versions of Censorship. New York: Doubleday, 1962.
Der modern amerikanische Roman. Goettingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1960.
Amerikanischen Lyrik der letzten fuenfzig Jahre. Goettingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1957.
Catastrophe and Imagination. London: Longmans, Green, 1957. Republished by Transaction Publishers, 1998.
Another Music: Polemics and Pleasures. New Brunswick: Transactions Publishers, 2008.
Seagoing. New Brunswick:Transaction Publishers, 2000.
Published in New England Quarterly, Western Review, Poetry, Books and Bookmen, Kenyon Review, The Noble Savage, Comparative Literature Studies, Journal of Modern Literature, Tamkang Review, American Literature, Bulletin of the Santayana Society, The Sewanee Review, The American Scholar, The Spectator, The Hudson Review.